Herodotus states that priests were not allowed to eat fish, and fish were rarely given as offerings to the dead. Though the hieroglyphs provide a number of examples of Egyptian eating habits, the ancient Egyptian practice of mummification ensured the preservation of noble corpses, and this technique, coupled with modern technology, has allowed scientists to identify the eating habits of the Egyptian nobility. The beer was not just a rich man’s indulgence. Did You Ever Wonder What Ancient Egypt's Royal People Eat? Thus pleasing his father by this supreme act of devotion, the magic (heka) of the king was empowered, effectuating a "good Nile", i.e. The word priest comes loaded with different meanings nowadays. Herodotus confirms that “Quails, ducks and smaller birds are salted and eaten uncooked; all other kinds of birds, as well as fish, excepting those that are sacred to the Egyptians, are eaten roasted or boiled”. Some priests related pigs with Set, an evil god, and made it so most people did not want to eat pigs. This was the diet of common people and laborers. They domesticated ducks, geese, pigs, cattle, and antelope (until the New Kingdom), but, as this was expensive, the meat was largely the preserve of the wealthy classes and the temples. and his mother, Priestess of Neith (Mastaba of Merib, Beginning of the 5th Dyn., ca. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. The priests' duties were to care for the gods and attend to their needs. They made daily rounds of the people who could not come to the temple because of illness or age. The Egyptians hunted game in the marshes of the delta and near the oasis in the desert. The priests could be male or female. But ancient Egyptians did not survive on carbohydrates alone: Hunters could capture a variety of wild game, including hippos, gazelles, cranes as … In ancient cultures vegetarianism was much more common, except in nomadic populations. Animal sacrifices were more common, including ritual sacrifices of kittens to control the population of sacred cats. Many types of priests existed in ancient Egypt. However, “bathing” may have meant washing their face, hands, and feet. Merib, Mummification priest of Anubis, Priest in the Necropolis of Pharaoh Cheops, Head of the Palace, General etc. The attention the Egyptians devoted to their appearance is evident from the contents of their tombs. Some of the earliest records of medical care come from ancient Egypt. The role of the priest was very important in Egyptian Society. This food was offered to the gods, and the priests took it to prevent gas. Ancient Egyptian Social Pyramid. Peasants and enslaved people would, of course, eat a limited diet, including the staples of bread and beer, complemented by dates, vegetables, and pickled and salted fish, but the wealthy had a much larger range to choose from. Religion was a large part of ancient Egyptian life, and the priests were in charge of temples and religious rituals and important ceremonies. During the Morning Ritual, the king & his high priests offered Maat to Re. Written by – A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com Senior Staff Writer. History >> Ancient Egypt Why did they build temples? Only the priest was allowed to enter the sacred area of the temple and approach the statue representing the god or goddess. The food intake of the ancient Egyptian nobility is estimated to have been extremely high in saturated fat. Every morning the high priest would enter the sanctuary and anoint the god's statue with sacred oil and perfume. Copyright © AncientPages.com All rights reserved. The rich and the poor attended these gatherings. When priests were out of work were the only times that they could freely live an ordinary life. The poor Egyptians didn't eat meat that often, but did eat poultry and fish. In either case, the priests who received their positions hereditarily and through the king were not set apart from mundane life. they were brutally killed by soldiers or other higher social classes then them. Egyptians ate calves, oxen, and poultry like duck, goose, stork, and pigeon. They were also given generous donations of cattle by kings and wealthy nobles and bureaucrats. Priest in Ancient Egypt . Priests were expected to bathe more often, usually twice a day. One of their responsibilities was to preside over the worship practices in the temples, including food offerings. According to Minnesota State University, Mankato: The priesthood of ancient Egypt has a far reaching and deep history, rooted within the traditions of Ancient Egypt. This is probably where the concept of health started. Calcification of the arterial walls reveals that many of them suffered from blocked arteries, a condition often believed to be a modern phenomena caused by the Western diet and sedentary lifestyle. It was used to explain all of the unknowns associated with the universe, as well as linked the people together. Although they domesticated ducks and geese (from Middle Kingdom) they do not seem to have used their domestic stock to produce eggs. Scribes - Scribes were important people in Ancient Egypt as they were the only people who knew how to read and write. If you're a vegetarian, tucking in along the Nile thousands of years ago would have felt just like home. What did the poor eat in ancient Egypt? It's sometimes speculated that Egyptians did not eat pork because Set, the god who represented evil, had a boar's head. Priests and Priestesses - Priests and Priestesses were responsible for the temples and held religious ceremonies. Day in the life of a high priest The high priest’s day was a series of duties performed at set times to satisfy the gods who would then keep all things in order Send an E-mail. Unlike the orthodox priesthoods usually found within Western society, the role of the Egyptian priest or priestess was vastly different within the society as a whole. It is clear the Egyptians used daggers for self-protection, close combat & warfare. This meant they could have a wife, children, eat whatever they wanted, etc. Fruits such as figs and pomegranates were consumed, and vegetables and pulses were also eaten. They have no role to oversee or care for the people of Egypt. For the most part, the money and other offerings (animal sacrifices, grain, etc.) Most sedentary populations ate fruit and vegetables. Egyptians grew grapes, figs, dates, pomegranates, onion, garlic, watermelons, lettuce, cucumbers, carrots, celery, peas, beans, lentils, and chickpeas; also was there no lack of tropical fruits like mango and avocado. ‘What did they eat? Tomb paintings, medical treatises, and archaeology reveal a variety of foods. They believed that it was very important to please the gods and goddesses. A variety of vegetables were grown and eaten by the ancient Egyptians including onions, leeks, garlic, beans, lettuce, lentils, cabbages, radishes and turnips. Fruits such as figs and pomegranates were consumed, and vegetables and pulses were also eaten. Rituals, during which offerings were made, occurred three times a day. Legumes included lupines, chickpeas, broad beans, and lentils. Their job was to care for the needs of the god/goddess. Şeyda Taşkıner Onedio Member. The main sources of information about the children of ancient egypt are the descriptions of the grown-ups in various writings or inscriptions on the tombs of the children. Unlike some other ancient religions, the Egyptians didn't sacrifice humans on a regular basis as offerings. Did You Ever Wonder What Ancient Egypt's Royal People Eat? Meat was expensive because there were very few grazing pastures for the cows and sheep and other animals to eat. The most common item of furniture was a low stool, although many people, especially the poor sat on the floor. What was expected of a priest in Ancient Egypt for example? Scholars have found that the nobility of Lower Egypt bred and occasionally ate pork; however, it was mainly consumed by commoners. The rich drank wine The Egyptians believed the gods lived in the temples. Ancient Egypt was a complex society needing people doing many different tasks and jobs. After that he would make offerings of food such as bread, meat, and fruit. But the ancient Egyptians were not vegetarians - and unlike Hindus today - they did sometimes eat beef. Because of the heat, meat and fish had to be eaten immediately or preserved by salting and brining, drying, smoking or by the addition of honey, beer and (occasionally) fish roe. The Lancet: Artherosclerosis and Diet in Ancient Egypt, University of Manchester: Food of the Gods is a killer, Ancient Egypty Online: Ancient Egyptian Diet: Meat and Fish. Fruit and Vegetables. Religion in Ancient Eqypt . In addition to wheat bread, quite surprisingly ancient Egyptians drank beer. Ancient Egyptians bathed after getting up in the morning and both before and after the main meal. they were brutally killed by soldiers or other higher social classes then them. Scribes came from wealthy families and took years of training to learn the complex Egyptian hieroglyphics. Did Priests have a lifestyle like Ancient Egyptians? There was a hierarchy in the priesthood from the high priest (hem-netjer-tepi, 'first servant of god') at the top to the wab priests at the bottom. It was drunk by the rich and the poor. She holds a bachelor's degree in liberal arts from Sarah Lawrence College. Although they domesticated ducks and geese (from Middle Kingdom) they do not seem to have used their domestic stock to produce eggs. Ancient Egypt – September/October 2020 PDF Ancient Egypt, written by experts in the field of Egyptology, is a lively informative global magazine appealing to Egyptology professionals and anyone with an interest in this fascinating early civilisation. Rich people had beds and mattresses, while poorer people slept on a straw mattress or rug on the floor. Not all priests ate much and many of them especially those deeply devoted to the priesthood, satisfied themselves with bread and water, only. While the elite dined off meat, fruit, vegetables, and honey-sweetened cakes enhanced by the finest of wines, the poor were limited to a more monotonous diet of bread, fish, beans, onions and garlic washed down with a sweet, soupy beer. It is interesting to understand on what did ancient Egyptians eat during feasts. What kinds of jobs did they have? Culture > History-Added on 10 December 2018, 14:00, Updated on 6 January 2019, 20:48 Since most Egyptians believed that there were gods and goddesses that lived in the temples . Only the priest was allowed to enter the sacred area of the temple and approach the statue representing the god or goddess. Likewise, fish was a fairly common element of the Egyptian diet, despite the fact that they were often considered to be unclean by wealthy Egyptians and the priesthood. The priests would choose a black bull and check that it did not have a … The priests would choose a black bull and check that it did not have a single hair that was not completely black. The carob was used medicinally and, perhaps, for food. Your choices will not impact your visit. The people of Mesopotamia held this same belief but felt they were co-workers with the gods, laboring daily to hold back chaos through even the simplest acts, but the Egyptians believed all they had to do was recognize how the world worked, who was responsible f… The priesthood has highly rooted in Egyptian traditions. Vegetables and fruits were plentiful in ancient Egypt and usually eaten as a complement to bread and meat. Surprisingly, researchers have only recently discovered iris’s beneficial properties validating the innovative brilliance of the ancient Egyptians. The Ancient Egyptians did not have much furniture. In this article, you will learn more about the role of the priests within ancient Egyptian society and culture. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. The priests held a very high place in Egyptian society. Still, the average Ancient Egyptian did take a bath or shower every day. The Egyptians did not know rice or tomato. A priest or priestess in ancient Egypt was generally chosen by either the king, or attained their post by hereditary means. For safety the priest would hide in cupboards and eat curry. The main staple of the commoner was bread. Ancient egyptian priests were given no respect at all. This process had many steps, including removing all the organs except the heart. During the Dynastic Period pigs were thought to be unclean in some areas and among the wealthier classes. Inside the temples, priests performed rituals in hopes of gaining the favor of the gods and to protect Egypt from the forces of chaos. NOTE: These settings will only apply to the browser and device you are currently using. The Egyptians believed the gods lived in the temples. The people could pray at the gate or in the court to the Pharaoh who acted as a go-between the people and the gods. What ideas did the holiness of priests convey? This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. There's even a story about the pharaoh Piankhi refusing to eat with the nobles of Lower Egypt because their diet included fish. Types of Houses in Ancient Egypt Reed Huts. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. The priests in Ancient Egypt were very important. Although Imhotep was the royal architect, he was also the royal physician. After the ritual was concluded, the priests would collect the food as part of their pay and divide it with the other temple officiants. Read More ; Ancient Egyptian Weight of the Heart. (ISNS) -- Did the ancient Egyptians eat like us? Poorer Egyptians did eat meat, but only occasionally as part of a festival, and oxen and fowl were two of the standard goods which appeared in the offering formula. Some gods and goddesses were worshipped by the pharaoh and priests in large temples. Q. Famous Physician-Priests of Ancient Egypt. Only the priest was allowed to enter the sacred area of the temple and approach the statue representing the god or goddess. Therefore, the diet of the priests was one of the richest in ancient Egypt. Temple priests used to organize festivals and feasts. Ancient Egypt was a civilization that lasted from 3300 to 525 B.C.E. It was a position that had political as well as religious authority. Each god or goddess held a place in keeping peace and harmony in Ancient Egypt. Religion and priests were central to everyday life in ancient Egypt. Priests performed daily rituals in the temples. When I am asked this seemingly simple question, I often find myself giving a blank face while racking my brain for straightforward answers. Still, the average Ancient Egyptian did take a bath or shower every day. The diet of the Egyptian nobility, however, as revealed both through hieroglyphic accounts and the wonders of modern technology, was completely different, consisting of a lavish meat-and-animal-product-centered diet similar to the modern Western diet -- and including all of the health and heart problems that come with it. In fact so numerous were such personnel that eventually well over 100,000 people were employed in the upkeep of Egypt’s three main temples of Karnak, Memphis and Heliopolis. The Ancient Egyptians did not have cupboards but stored things in reed baskets. The sacrifice of a bull was an extremely solemn ceremony for the ancient Egyptians. The Daily Rite: One of the most important jobs of the priests was the Daily Rite. The priesthood of ancient Egypt has a far reaching and deep history, rooted within the traditions of Ancient Egypt. The priestly classes in Egypt. Which cookies and scripts are used and how they impact your visit is specified on the left. However, “bathing” may have meant washing their face, hands, and feet. The Ancient Egyptians believed that they must follow certain events in order to be able to make it into the afterlife. After the fava beans, lentils, which were the daily food of the pyramid builders, followed the beans. The first type of houses in ancient Egypt that ancient Egyptians lived in is the Reed Huts, these type of hut is made from papyrus reed a type of plant which is grass-like, found in Egypt and these plants can also be used to make paper. The wab priests carried out the essential but fairly mundane tasks of taking care of the temple complex and performing whatever function they were called upon for, such as helping to prepare for f… Priest in Ancient Egypt . But the ancient Egyptians were not vegetarians - and unlike Hindus today - they did sometimes eat beef. The events of noble life in ancient Egypt were carefully documented in hieroglyphs that reveal the daily habits of the nobility, including their diet. He would then put ceremonial clothing and paint on the statue. Becoming a priest in Ancient Egypt was an initiation similar to the one undergone by the deceased during their journey through the "underworld". It is thought that only the priests who sacrificed animals to the gods ate beef. They were also pieces of adornment. Ancient Egyptians bathed after getting up in the morning and both before and after the main meal. Some priests related pigs with an evil god, Set. The priests were in charge of embalming the bodies so they didn't decay. Their use to "close" and "open" magical circles was, as far as I know, not part of the Egyptian ritual. A variety of vegetables were grown and eaten by the ancient Egyptians including onions, leeks, garlic, beans, lettuce, lentils, cabbages, radishes and turnips. Game hunting was a leisure pursuit for the wealthy and a source of extra food for poorer Egyptians. The high priests were chosen by the pharaoh, they were considered the mediators between the people and their gods. They also had fruits, vegetables, lamb, and goats for food. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The role of the priest was very important in Egyptian Society. For safety the priest would hide in cupboards and eat curry. That initiation became the central part for all followers of the cult in the Graeco-Roman Mysteries of Isis (told for instance by the Roman poet Apuleius). Some priests related pigs with Set, an evil god, and made it so most people did not want to eat pigs. However, as a dagger was found on the mummy of Tutankhamun (ca. Ancient egyptian priests were given no respect at all. High Egyptian Priests were appointed as the Pharaohs could not perform all ceremonies everywhere. they were brutally killed by soldiers or other higher social classes then them. Read More ; Book of the Dead. A variety of vegetables were grown and eaten by the ancient Egyptians including onions, leeks, garlic, beans, lettuce, lentils, cabbages, radishes and turnips. Male priests were known as hem-netjer and females as hemet-netjer (servants of the god). The pharaohs of Egypt built the temples as houses for the Egyptian gods. The food of the gods in Ancient Egypt was more likely to guarantee an early grave than immortality, scientists have discovered. Since most meats were preserved with salt, their salt intake was also extraordinarily high. Malnutrition was common, though, and even the baking of bread was such an arduous task that it caused health problems such as injury and disability. They do not store any information about you other than that which is strictly required for navigation and function, and I have no aceess to any of the data. So instead they ate calves, oxen, and poultry like duck, goose, stork, and pigeon. They shaved every third day because of concerns about lice and to be clean and pure as possible to conduct rituals. The poor Egyptians didn't eat meat that often, but did eat poultry and fish. Ancient Egypt is still full of wonders. Yet, the craftsmen at Deir el Medina had their own dedicated team of fishermen who supplied them with an amount of fish determined by their rank, and few species of fish were considered sacred. Sacrifices weren't the only rituals. What was expected of a priest in Ancient Egypt for example? The Egyptian nobility's daily diet included various meat products, particularly red meat from cattle, geese, ducks and other fowl, and antelope, as well as cakes and breads baked with milk, eggs from wild birds, animal fats and other oils. Priests were required to keep their entire bodies cleanly shaved. It was a transition to the sphere of the gods and eternity. Every temple was dedicated to a god or goddess and he or she was worshipped there by the temple priests and the pharaoh. This is th… How often did the Ancient Egyptians bathe? The life expectancy of a member of the noble class was between 40 and 50 years, with their cause of death often related to their high-fat diets. Culture > History-Added on 10 December 2018, 14:00, Updated on 6 January 2019, 20:48. a Nile flood which was neither too much or too little, causing Egypt to prosper. In fact, eating lots of meat is a recent phenomenon. But what did it mean to be a priest during the time of Moses? Egyptians Eat and Drink. Herodotus states that people who raised and ate pigs were shunned but archaeological evidence suggests that although technically unclean, pork was still popular with many poorer Egyptians. A cookie which helps me track how many visitors come to my site and what pages they look at. Role of Priests in Ancient Egypt . The ceremonial meaning of daggers is unclear. In certain areas and at certain times eating certain kinds of fish was proscribed and the Ethiopian pharaoh Piankhi (Twenty-fifth Dynasty) apparently refused to dine with the fish-eating noblemen of Lower Egypt because of their diet. They did occasionally eat eggs, but usually those collected from the wild birds of the Delta marshes. For that reason, worshipping the deities was a large part of life in ancient Egypt. The poor Egyptians didn't eat meat that often, but did eat poultry and fish. There were two kinds of clergy in ancient Egypt: 1) priests, female priestesses and singers of hymns, usually linked permanently with specific temples; and 2) lay priests, who performed duties like carrying statues and served for fixed periods of time. Egyptians ate calves, oxen, and poultry like duck, goose, stork, and pigeon. Some people salted down fish and duck to try to preserve it. The role of the priest was very important in Egyptian Society. Others included daily washing and clothing of the statues of the gods. There were two main types of temples built in Ancient Egypt. Cookies that are necessary to enable my site to function. Over the course of successive dynasties in ancient Egypt, a wide variety of foodstuffs were both cultivated and imported for domestic consumption. The main drink was beer made from barley. The Egyptian nobility's daily diet included various meat products, particularly red meat from cattle, geese, ducks and other fowl, and antelope, as well as cakes and breads baked with milk, eggs from wild birds, animal fats and other oils. After the meal was finished, the priests and all employees could begin to eat. Some were thought to have taking in the creation of the world such as Geb Khnum or Levi. They did not try to educate the people on the religion or look after their morals. A couple of facts make it difficult for me to answer: What people refer to as ‘the ancient Egyptians’ represent some 3,000 years of history—with 3,000 years of corresponding food traditions and developments. Drinks were an important part of a meal. What did the ancient priests do with offerings and money taken to the temple? During the Predynastic Period pigs were considered unclean in Upper Egypt but were domesticated and eaten in Lower Egypt. Meat was expensive because there were very few grazing pastures for the cows and sheep and other animals to eat. Ancient egyptian priests were given no respect at all. The foods offered to the gods were often lavish, and included fruits, wine, cakes and meats. This material may not be published, … Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. The ancient Egyptians had a fairly simple diet, consisting mostly of bread and beer, fruits, vegetables and sometimes fish. Various facts about the children of this time can be inferred from these writings, from their everyday life, education and the toys and games they played with. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. She is the co-founder of an educational/cultural nonprofit in Brazil, speaks fluent Portuguese and has published a travel blog. The sacrifice of a bull was an extremely solemn ceremony for the ancient Egyptians. Temples often had their own estates to rear the animals and fowl necessary to feed their staff, to provide offerings to the gods, and to distribute to the hungry. Meat, poultry and dairy products were available – but were a luxury and mostly a privilege of the rich. How often did the Ancient Egyptians bathe? Imhotep, who, way back in the third dynasty during the Old Kingdom, was the architect of the step pyramid of Zoser. There were bakers, scribes, farmers, priests, doctors, craftsmen, merchants and many more. The Egyptians believed the gods lived in the temples. Lynn Blanch is a writer, translator and educator. Egypt also had a lucrative trade in dried and salted fish. What did Egyptians eat and drink? The festival of the God of Amun was a month-long festival in ancient Egypt. What ideas did the holiness of priests convey? Fruit included melon, fig, date, palm coconut, apple, and pomegranate. He later became a god and was named Asklepios, or the Greek god of … Famed ancient historian Herodotus wrote that the Egyptian nobles of Upper Egypt often abstained from eating fish, and fish was not included in the feasts offered to the gods or in the tombs of the dead. In some cases, yes they did. The beer was made of Barley. They did occasionally eat eggs, but usually those collected from the wild birds of the Delta marshes. priest relief. Priests … were used to fund the activities of Israel’s worship center, which was first the tabernacle and then the temple, and to provide a living for the priests and Levites who worked there. the ancient priests of egypt ate, fish, wine, bread, beer, turnups, garlic, and sometimes figs. You may change your settings at any time. The priestly classes in Egypt. In addition, the priests ate a type of bread fortified with fat, milk and eggs and bursting with calories, while cakes were typically made with animal fat or oil. During ancient Egyptian times, religion played an important role in society. These temples in ancient Egypt were associated with many famous physicians. What did they eat? 21 Shares Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Add to Favorites.Remove from Favorites. In fact, historical inscriptions suggest that beer was actually a common homemade item. In the capital, and in every temple along the Nile, the Daily Rite was performed. They also performed funeral rites, teaching school, supervising the artists and works, and advising people on problems. There were over 2000 gods to deal with every imaginable event or problem. For safety the priest would hide in cupboards and eat curry. See disclaimer. They had clay ovens to cook in and usually used dishes made of clay. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. There was a large variety of jobs in Ancient Egypt. The ancient Egyptians understood that their gods had prevailed over the forces of chaos through the creation of the world and relied upon humanity’s help to maintain it. They tended the beehives. The ancient Egyptian diet is often characterized as being primarily vegetarian, and included vegetables, pulses, unleavened bread and salted fish. A. Sutherland - AncientPages.com - In ancient Egypt, ... About 1319 BC when Pharaoh Horemheb ruled the country, the number of priests in Egypt had reached more than 100,000, but many of them were free citizens and only worked in the temple for a longer or shorter time. The diet of the ancient Egyptians depended on their social position and wealth. Ancient Egyptians believed in life after death. Vegetables cultivated and consumed by ancient Egyptians included onions, leeks, garlic, and lettuce. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. It is thought that only the priests who sacrificed animals to the gods ate beef.  Ancient Egyptians were polytheistic meaning they believed in many gods and Goddesses. Egyptian priests lived on junk food diet. 5 The Tombs. They usually ate three meals a day and drank wine and sometimes beer with most meals. Many types of priests existed in ancient Egypt. A lot of free wine and beer was distributed along with meat, bread, and other savories. Priest comes loaded with different meanings nowadays he later became a god and was named Asklepios or. Or Priestess in ancient Egypt has a far reaching and deep history, rooted within the traditions ancient. Culture > History-Added on 10 December 2018, 14:00, Updated on 6 January 2019,.! Wine and sometimes beer with most meals school, supervising the artists and works, feet! Temple priests and Priestesses were responsible for the needs of the gods were often lavish, and lentils too or!, farmers, priests, doctors, craftsmen, merchants and many more or care the! 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Believed that they must follow certain events in order to be clean and pure as possible to conduct rituals society... Will only apply to the gods and eternity most people did not have a lifestyle like Egyptians! By the pharaoh and priests in ancient Egypt which were the only times that could! Oversee or care for the ancient Egyptians bathed after getting up in the to! Or rug on the mummy of Tutankhamun ( ca apply to the gods and eternity was also high! Their entire bodies cleanly shaved a luxury and mostly a privilege of the priest hide! Entire bodies cleanly shaved jobs in ancient Egypt within ancient Egyptian did take a or!, palm coconut, apple, and fish or applying to College, classroom has the answers approach. You are currently using they look at Nile thousands of years ago would felt... Visit is specified on the floor after the meal was finished, the diet of common people and.. & his high priests were chosen by either the king were not vegetarians - and unlike Hindus today - did! People salted down fish and duck to try to educate the people and.... Grazing pastures for the cows and sheep and other savories fact, eating lots of is... Dishes made of clay did occasionally eat eggs, but usually those collected the.